10 extremest locations on the Earth
Our Earth supports life unlike all the other planets; but it definitely does so in its own cool way.
10. Coldest inhabited place on the Earth: Oymyakon, Sakha Republic, Russia
Yakut is a rural locality in the Oymyakonsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located along the Indigirka River, on the Kolyma Highway. Oymyakon is and has remained to be one of the coldest permanently inhabited places on the Earth. With a population of only 500, the day length in Oymyakonsky varies from three hours in December to twenty-one hours in June. As for the temperature, a temperature of −67.7 °C (−89.9 °F) was recorded at Oymyakon’s weather station; which is the coldest officially recorded temperature in the Northern Hemisphere. Apart from Oymyakonsky, only Antartica has recorded a lower temperature which was −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F); but cannot be considered as it isn’t permanently inhabited.
9. Hottest inhabited place on the Earth: Dallol, Ethiopia
Dallol in Ethiopia has been identified as the hottest inhabited on the planet with features as diverse as earthquakes, volcanoes, geysers and salt canyons. It was in the early 1960s that U.S. mining companies conducted geological surveys only to record the hottest ever average temperature for an inhabited location on Earth. The recorded high temperature in Dallol is an average annual temperature of 41 °C (105 °F) and the hottest month has an average high of 46.7 °C (116.1 °F). It isn’t just the heat in this area. Due to the climate of the lowlands of the Danakil Depression which is extremely dry and hyper-arid, the annual average rainy days of a year are rare. The reason of such extreme temperature is possibly due to its proximity to the equator and the Red Sea and the lack of efficient nighttime cooling.
8. Steepest slope of the world: Mount Thor, Nunavut, Canada
Officially renowned as the Thor Peak, at an elevation of 1,675 meters (5,495 ft) is located in Auyuittuq National Park, on the Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada. The mountain features Earth’s greatest vertical drop of 1,250 m (4,101 ft) with the cliff overhanging at an average angle of 15 degrees from vertical. Named after the God of Thunder, despite its remoteness, this peak attracts dozens of people from around the globe, making it a popular rock climbing and/or camping site.
7. Lowest point of the Earth: Challenger Deep, Mariana Trench
Nope, it isn’t the Dead Sea. Technically this is known as the deepest point in the Earth’s ocean but logically, the Earth comprises oceans included; hence, Mariana had to be here. The United States Center for Coastal & Ocean Mapping, in the year 2010, measured the depth of the Challenger Deep at 10,994 meters (36,070 feet) below sea level with an estimated vertical accuracy of ± 40 meters. The Challenger Deep is so deep that if Mount Everest were to be dipped into the ocean at that point, the peak would still be about a kilometer underwater. At this point, the water column exerts a pressure of 1,086 bars which, to be said in simpler words, is 1,000 times the standard atmospheric pressure at sea level. The average temperature remains somewhere between 1-4 degree Celsius.
6. The place with the longest name on the Earth: Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu, New Zealand
Yes, that actually is a place and it ain’t a set of letters to just jumble up your head. The more interesting part yet is that this name which is otherwise formed of 85 letters also has a nick name or a short-forms:
Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu (57 letters). The meaning or the translation of the name is “The summit where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, the climber of mountains, the land-swallower who travelled about, played his nose flute to his loved one.”
5. Driest place on the Earth: Atacama Desert, South America
The Atacama Desert is a plateau in South America which falls to the west of the Andes mountains. As per the findings, the Atacama Desert proper occupies 105,000 (41,000 sq mi) square kilometres of area, including the barren lower slopes of the Andes. Most of the desert comprises stony terrain, salty lakes, sand, and felsic lava that flows towards the Andes. This area is actually so dry that not even a drop of rainfall has been recorded by the weather stations in the entire year in certain instances.
The reason for the Atacama to be so dry is that it sits between two mountain chains (the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range) with regard to the winds; which prevents moisture advection from either the Pacific or the Atlantic Oceans. Secondly, due to the high air pressure, any amount of moisture that goes up turns into vapour instead of rainfall. And finally, the Humboldt current from the Pacific chills any onshore winds so they are unable to pick up the pressure.
4. Wettest place on the Earth: Mawsynram, India
In terms of the annual precipitation received, this location in the North Eastern region of India, with an average annual rainfall of 11,872 millimetres (467.4 in), is arguably the wettest place on Earth. The reason for the unusual amount of rainfall received by this place has to do with the local climate. Mawsynram is situated in a subtropical highland climate zone, hence experiencing a lengthy and powerful monsoon season. The rainfall is so much so that the monsoon, once upon a time in the past, lasted for 2 years straight with no breaks in between whatsoever. Another reason for the wetness of the region is its elevation and not the monsoon season alone. Warm air in huge amounts condenses and fall as rain when they encounter the Khasi Hills near Mawsynram; the topography is as such that it forces the moist clouds up and down eventually having them to empty their accumulated water over the region.
3. The farthest point from the Earth’s centre: Chimborazo
The peak that is always in controversy as the peak taller than the Everest itself, Chimborazo is a currently inactive stratovolcano in the Cordillera Occidental range of the Andes. Its last known eruption is believed to have occurred around 550 C.E. With an elevation of 6,263 m (20,548 ft), Chimborazo is the highest mountain in Ecuador and also the highest peak near the equator. The reason why this is still not counted as the tallest peak against the Everest despite the fact that from the centre of the Earth—Chimborazo sticks more than 7,000 feet farther into space than any of the Himalayas; because that’s not the sea level measurement. The height of the peaks is traditionally measured against the sea level and in that aspect, Chimborazo tops out at 20,702 feet, almost two miles lower than Everest. The Himalayas including the Everest, however, is located thousands of miles north of the Equator.
2. The lowest elevation on the Earth: Dead Sea
An extensive area of land, the Dead Sea Depression approximately 413m below the sea level. The depression includes the Dead Sea, the Sea of Galilee, a portion of the Jordan River, large areas of cultivated land and many communities. The shoreline of the Dead Sea is the lowest dry land on Earth. The surface of the Dead Sea rises and falls as precipitation, evaporation, irrigation, salt production and other natural and human activities consume the water of the Jordan River, the Dead Sea, and its tributaries.
1. The happiest place on the Earth: Norway, Europe
Earliest on the fourth spot, this year (2017), Norway has jumped up to the first place and secured itself as the happiest place on the Earth. The happiness index is measured every year around the world in about 150 countries, asking a simple, subjective question to more than 1,000 people.
“Imagine a ladder, with steps numbered from 0 at the bottom to 10 at the top,” the question asks. “The top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder represents the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder would you say you personally feel you stand at this time?”
The average result is the country’s score – this year the highest being that of Norway’s 7.54 and the lowest being that of Central African Republic’s 2.69. However, as for the analysis’, six variable factors are taken into consideration – economic strength (GDP per capita), life expectancy, social support, freedom to make life decisions, generosity, and absence of corruption in business and government.