10 lost cities of the world
For the world is a wide wide place to travel completely and to know completely!
10. Termessos, Turkey
Like what appears to be a real-life Game of Thrones fortress, this location used to be a city, impenetrable and inaccessible for up to 1,000 meters up a mountain. Alexander the Great, the conqueror who did not leave a city that came his way, while rampaging through Turkey, bypassed it rather than even attempting to conquer it. However, in an unfortunate turn of events, Termessos or the ‘Eagle’s Nest’ lost its water supply sometime around 200 CE and then was abandoned. For the past 1800 years, the city remains untouched.
9. Heracleion, Egypt
What has been known as world’s one of the greatest port cities in the world and also a gateway to Egypt, Thonis-Heracleion happened to sink into the Mediterranean Sea more than 2,200 years ago. Located about three miles off the coast of Egypt, the in the 2000’s was rediscovered by a French archaeologist. The submerged ruins of the city include a strange 16-foot high statue, sarcophagi holding animal sacrifices and a relatively huge temple.
8. Machu Pichu, Peru
The old Inca city that sits on the peak of the Andes was inhabited for a short period of time, from 1450-1572 AD, until abandoned as a consequence of the Spanish conquest of South America. Since the people of Spain never really found the city at all, Machu Picchu was known to the world only in the early 20th century. It still is somewhat unclear Machu Picchu was a regular settlement, a Royal retreat, or a religious sanctuary. Tourists flock in crowds each year to experience the beautiful, authentic ruins; which also raises a question about its sustainability now.
7. Mosque City of Bagerhat, Bangladesh
Back in time, somewhere during the fifteenth century, a Turkish general ordered for a ton to be built, right where the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers met. The general wanted the town to be full of palaces, mosques, and tombs including that of his own. As a result, the city now holds 360 mosques and an outpost of the Islamic world. Unfortunately, the town experienced neglect from the locals soon after the founder -the general- died and lay for centuries under vegetation. In the date, though, measures have been taken to at least get it back to partial recovery.
6. Mohenjo Daro, Pakistan
The Indus Valley civilization has been known as one of the world’s oldest forms of civilisation along with, obviously, the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations. The Indus Valley reached its best in the 2000BC when science, writing, trade, religion and agriculture – all of it progressed altogether. Mohenjo Daro is known to have one of the best drainage systems and orderly streets from all of the other that survived in the same time period. The uniqueness of this location, however, remains that it has no obvious palace or temple complex, exposing it to assumptions like that of it being an egalitarian civilisation. Flooding of the Indus river caused massive destruction of the civilisation at least six times but new cities were built on top of the ruins of the previous ones. The ultimate reason of Mohenjo Daro’s abandonment that occurred in the 1800BC, until it was rediscovered in 1922, however, still remains unclear to the world.
5. Vijayanagar, India
Usually not much talked about, this Indian city, back in 1500 AD, used to have a population twice in numbers than that of Paris today. Vijayanagar is known to have been as big as Rome to see and happened to be the hub of the greatest Southern Indian empire. Built around some very holy places and also the stupendous Virupaksha Temple which stands strong even today. The shrines of the location are admired by people of all religions even today. The reasons for its death is that after 1565, the capital was shifted to Penukonda from Vijayanara itself which was supposed to be the empire’s capital city. So once the opportunities and living means reduced, people naturally opted for other cities like Bijapur, Golconda and Madurai.
4. Petra, Jordon
Petra stands unique in this list because actually, the city was never lost and was only abandoned; also, still known to the locals even after being abandoned. However, because it was still unknown for thousands of years to the rest of the world, it does stand to be defined as a lost city. Petra fell under the Roman rule in 103 AD. and actually flourished until an earthquake hit it and destroyed the vital water system. Then on, people shifted to other cities because of the convenience factor, leaving the city to be visited only by some curious wanderlusts. A great archaeological site of the Middle East today, Petra is half built and half carved from the red rocks of the hills it inhabits. The architecture spotted is a fusion of Roman, Greek and native Nabataean.
3. Carthage, Tunisia
In the present day Tunisia, Carthage was founded by Phoenician colonists and then went on to become a major city of the Mediterranean. Syracuse and Rome’s rivalry that followed, came along with several wars for the invasion of each other’s homeland, most notably the invasion of Italy by Hannibal. Carthage was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC, after which they went from house to house, capturing, raping and enslaving the people before setting Carthage ablaze. Around 600 AD, the Romans somehow refounded Carthage and then it went on to become the Empire’s largest and most important city. The city remained important and notable only until 698AD, after which it was destroyed like magic during the Muslim conquest.
2. Skara Brae, Scotland
Located on the main island of Orkney, the second most populated city of Scotland, Skara Brae is inarguably one of the best-preserved Stone Age villages of Europe. For hundreds of years, Skara Brae was covered deep under a sand dune, only until a great storm exposed it to the world in 1850. The stone walls of Skara Brae, because the dwellings were filled by sand almost immediately after the abandonment, are relatively well preserved and conserved. Due to an eerie absence of trees on the island, the furniture for houses was made using stones and hence, that survived too. The city was inhabited in the 3180 BC–2500 BC but was abandoned eventually due to a climate change that caused the city to become colder and wetter.
1. Babylon, Iraq
Babylon, the capital of Babylonia is an ancient empire of Mesopotamia, a city that used to exist on the Euphrates River. During the early 1180 BC, the city degenerated into anarchy circa but eventually succeeded to flourish as a subsidiary state of the Assyrian Empire after the 9th century BC. Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon in those days is credited for the building of the legendary Hanging Gardens and everything else that the city had to boast including the brilliant colours and luxury of Babylon. In the day, however, what remains of the famed city is a mound of broken mud brick buildings and some debris in the fertile Mesopotamian plain that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq.