10 Most Dangerous Sports
Sports are meant to be fun. Be it indoor, outdoor or adventure sports, they’re always a good way of passing time and for some, even to build their careers. But some of these ‘pastimes’ can be fatal. Here a list of 10 most dangerous sports in the world.
10. BASE Jumping
BASE stands for Building, Antenna, Span and Earth, which are the categories of the fixed spots to jump from. It is somewhat similar to sky diving but since the altitudes are much lower, BASE jumping is riskier than sky diving. It is currently regarded as an extreme sport and is even prohibited in some jurisdictions. A total of 311 people has died in BASE jumping accidents since 1982. These are only the number of reported deaths. There is no account of deaths that happened while jumps at night or that happened under no supervision. Apart from that, BASE jumpers also suffer major injuries if they strike with anything on their way down.
Heli-skiing is a sport where the skier is taken to the top of the mountain by a helicopter. People who love heli-skiing even book for it a year early and prefer to do it in the areas with no human inhabitation. The sport does require skill which is only mastered by time and practice which is why it is very dangerous for amateurs to go heli-skiing. If you are skiing on a mountain, to the top of which you had to be taken by a helicopter, obviously gliding down the snow from a mountain that high is not safe. It can result in injuries or even death. However, as dangerous as it may sound, the number of deaths by heli-skiing in 2004, were 45 whereas there were 900 deaths by bicycling, that very year.
8. Scuba Diving
Scuba diving has become a common term and what many people do not know is that scuba stands for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. Now we’re aware that the sea is home to all sorts of creatures and some might eat you. But that is not what causes most deaths by diving. Scuba diving accidents generally occur due to poor gas control and poor buoyancy control. The deaths between 2001 and 2006 due to scuba diving were 16.4 per 100,000. However, a quick ascent from the dive can give you diseases like bends and brain or lung failure. These diseases are caused due to rapid release of Nitrogen in the blood stream.
7. Cave Diving
Cave diving is a usual sports; People go underwater and dive into caves with comparatively less water quotient. This requires various sorts of equipment including scuba. Most accidents during cave diving occur due to lack of lighting due to to which one might drift away from their partner. Secondly, lack of air as one can’t just reach for the surface to get some air and might hit his head on the cave roof. In February 2014 two divers died at a depth of more than 100 m in a huge cave system in Norway. The authorities said it was too dangerous to retrieve their bodies.
6. Bull Riding
This is a sport of the darings. Getting on top of a bull and trying to hold your position while the bull tries to throw the rider off. The annual deaths associated with the sport are around 3. However, the fall can get the rider badly injured. Most common injuries from the fall are on the chest, limbs or head. Apart from this, a bull can weigh up to 1800 pounds and all the life threatening injuries or deaths during bull riding are caused by direct hitting by the bull or being trampled by it. Being willing get trampled just for a little thrill and boasting off does not sound very wise.
5. Big Wave Surfing
Big Wave Surfing refers to gliding over a wave of height more than 20 feet. There’s a big surfing event which offers a prize of $100,000 to ride a wave 100 m high. But no prize is worth losing your life for. Big wave surfers have a major risk of being drowned by the currents or having their head hit against the underwater rocks by it. The number of deaths due to surfing accidents in the US alone is 49 from the beginning of the year 2017 till date.
4. Street Luge
This is kind of similar to skate boarding except that the rider is laying on luge board or sled and is gliding down paved roads. The only brakes are feet. Since the riders are quite below the eye level of drivers, they are highly likely to go unnoticed and get hit. Any sport that involves going at speeds that can reach as much as 80 mph and above do involve risk and Street Luge can acquire a speed up to 102 mph. It can injure a rider badly if the road is not perfect, any small debris or bump could be fatal for the riders.
3. Mountain Climbing
Heights fascinate many people which is probably why they want to climb as high as possible. Mountain climbing is the perfect sport for such people but it comes with many risks. First is the obvious, falling while climbing which would cause immediate death if the fall is anything more than 49 feet. Apart from falling, there are various fatal factors like frostbite, ice cap collapse or altitude sickness. 22 people died in the year 2015, climbing Mt. Everest and the further count is terrible.
Bicycle motocross requires special BMX bike and a lot of skill and practice. Although the basic motive is racing, the riders also strive to perform a stunt or trick that no one has performed before. The track is uneven and has many almost vertical ramps and other obstacles. In order to show off their talent via stunts on the track, riders get injured and many face concussions apart from the usual bruises and cuts. An injury to the head might even be fatal.
1. White Water Rafting
In a study in New Zealand, it was concluded that for every 3 million people, there were 30 deaths due to white water rafting. This sport requires an inflatable raft to navigate through white waters. Apart from deaths, there are severe injuries that can occur, like being hit against the rocks by water current or being tossed into the water. While escaping from the raft, one can even get stuck in the river holes or get pinned against the rocks. Overexertion is also a cause of death while whitewater rafting.