10 technologies that changed the world
The technology today is evolving in itself at a pace unfathomable and beyond the wildest of dreams of a large chunk of the population surviving in the day. The world of 2017 was obviously not given to us as it is in the present form by the Creator; it has evolved, been created and improved with technology – and how!
10. Organ transplants
Dr Joseph Murray, in 1945, removed the kidney from one human patient and implanted it in another; that day in 1945 and today, there has been no going back. The recipient back the accepted the kidney as its own; Murray had chosen a pair of identical twins, Ronald Herrick and his terminally ill brother Richard, placing his hope in the fact that their similar genetic should accept the organ. Today, some 25,000 Americans every year receive a new heart, kidney, liver, lung, pancreas or intestine; without which, you can guess the number of corresponding untimely deaths for nothing.
9. The Internet of Things
“Internet of Things,” a marvel in itself, refers to the objects that can be uniquely identified with an address tracking system called the TCP/IPv6. IPv6 with its 128-bit address hold the capacity to create a unique address for every and any item in the world. For example, you can create different addresses for all your black gloves so they never mismatch again. There are almost of 3.4 x 1038 addresses available as of now!
8. 3D Printing technology
Three-dimensional solid objects were being digitally produced by the automotive and aerospace industry since a time as long back as the 1980s. However, hardly had anybody ever imagined such a piece of technology becoming common and easily, widely available to anyone, anywhere. Such printers can print anything from a fork to a book in a three-dimensional form, right in your study.
7. Nuclear power
Nuclear energy is produced in nuclear power plants, where the radioactive reactions that produce energy are highly controlled and contained. The pros and cons of nuclear energy are extensively argued and debated upon but it also remains a fact that United States – world’s biggest economy today- has about 100 active plants that generate 20 percent of the country’s electricity — second only to coal as a source of power.
The Global Positioning System, actually built to facilitate military activities back in time, has changed how the world functions today. Navigation system, though, was just the beginning. GPS in itself has initiated a whole new era of location services which, otherwise, was a fantasy just about five-seven years ago. It, after all, is the navigation system that allowed the assassination of the deadliest terrorist ever; Osama Bin Laden, you guys!
5. Space Flight
Spaceflight, the ballistic flight into or through outer space, was just a folklore assumption that our grandfathers would talk of; things that may happen sometime. Who knew that some time would actually happen so soon? The spaceflight can occur just with the spacecraft; with or without humans on board, also used for commercial purposes like space tourism. The astronauts brought back a lesson from space: “We saw the earth the size of a quarter, and we realised then that there is only one earth. We are all brothers.”
Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genome using biotechnology. The DNA is multiplied, usually by inserting or deleting genes from the particular organism that is being worked upon. In medicine, the technology has been used to mass-produce insulin, human growth hormones, Follistim to improve fertility, antibodies, vaccines and a lot of life-saving drugs. Apart from benefitting the human race, genetic engineering can also be used for the plants; for example, plants of a higher nutritional value can be created or those that can tolerate exposure to herbicides.
3. Robots and Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence is an area of computer science that emphasises the creation of intelligent machines and robots that work and react like humans. The robots, essentially made to assist humans, in the day complete tasks and assemble products better, faster and often cheaper than manual labourers. As much as 8 million flights around the world are being scheduled, guided and flown with the superhuman assistance of advanced software today. And the latest as the internet has it, the Artificial Intelligence of Google taught itself how to walk, while those at Facebook invented a language and started communicating in what is unknown to human beings.
2. Fibre Optics
Fibre optic technology, first demonstrated in the 1840’s, are tubes used to refract light within glass tubes, with little or no loss of light over the length of the tube. Fibre optic cables, when bundled all together, are immune to electrical interference enabling them for a good use in computer networking. The fibre optic cables do not emit monitorable signals which make the technology extremely secure and impossible to be tapped. The technology is the best possible in the day for transmission of any form of data, without any loss of signal whatsoever.
The term nano robots, unlike the otherwise talked of robots at an earlier point, refers to robots whose components range in the size from 0.1–10 micrometres and are constructed of nanoscale or molecular components. The nano robots are often used in the field of medicine to detect any form of cancerous growth in the human body or to perform surgery where human hands cannot reach. The nano robots have also been in use lately to deliver medicinal drugs to the otherwise unreachable parts of the body, buying more time for a lot of terminally ill patients.